Cell Lines & Cell Pools

Cas9 (Streptococcus pyogenes CRISPR associated protein 9) is an endonuclease enzyme that, when recruited to a specific DNA sequence by the sgRNA (single guide RNA), introduces a double stranded break into the DNA. This double stranded break is repaired in mammalian cells either through Non-Homologous End Joining or Homologous Recombination. Non-Homologous End Joining often results in the deletion or insertion of several base pairs at the cut site, which, when resulting in a frameshift, causes the functional inactivation of the targeted gene. Cas9 expressing cells can be transduced or electroporated with sgRNA targeting a gene of interest to quickly generate knock-out cell pools or cell lines.

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