Apoptosis

 

Apoptosis is the process of programmed cell death. During apoptosis, a cell initiates intracellular signaling in response to a strong stress or other cue. Death via apoptosis is characterized by many phenotypic changes in a cell, including cell shrinking, nuclear and chromosomal fragmentation, and PARP cleavage. Apoptosis is critical for proper embryonic development, immune system function, and hormone-dependent atrophy. Many of the most widely used cancer therapeutics activate apoptotic machinery to kill cancer cells. Alternately, inhibitors of apoptosis may also have therapeutic value in preventing unregulated apoptosis in HIV or neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s).

There are two known apoptosis signal transduction pathways – the mitochondrial, or intrinsic pathway, and the death receptor, or extrinsic pathway. Apoptosis via the intrinsic pathway occurs when apoptotic stimuli trigger release of mitochondrial intermembrane proteins and SMAC in to the cytosol. These proteins ultimately coordinate to activate caspases which facilitate the process of programmed cell death. Conversely, apoptosis via the extrinsic pathway, as the name implies, relies on signals from outside of the cell. Specifically, death receptors on the surface of cells engage with their cognate ligands and this interaction leads to activation of signal transduction pathways that can activate caspases directly or indirectly through the Bcl-2 family of proteins.

BPS has a number of apoptosis proteins, assay kits, and inhibitors & activators to suit your research goals. These assay kits are easy to use and excellent for high throughput screening (HTS) applications.

References:

1.  Ouyang, L. et al., Cell Proliferat. 2012; 45(6): 487-498.

 

Apoptosis Subcategories

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Catalog#SizeProduct NamePrice
27763 10 mg Mitomycin C
$135
80117 5 µg NLRP3 (NALP3), His-FLAG-tags
$455
27318 500 mg Oxyresveratrol
$565
27316 50 mg PCI 34051
$490
27317 100 mg PCI 34051
$685
27640-2 10 mg Q-VD(OMe)-OPh
$550
27640-1 5 mg Q-VD(OMe)-OPh
$370
27641-2 10 mg Q-VD-OPh hydrate
$315
27641-3 25 mg Q-VD-OPh hydrate
$485
27641-1 5 mg Q-VD-OPh hydrate
$210
27651-1 5 mg SGI-1776 free base
$150
27651-2 10 mg SGI-1776 free base
$230
27651-3 50 mg SGI-1776 free base
$495
75003 20 µg STAT3, GST-tag
$310
27656-1 100 mg Streptozocin (U-9889)
$125
27656-2 500 mg Streptozocin (U-9889)
$210
27660-1 25 mg Tenovin-1
$150
27660-2 50 mg Tenovin-1
$230
27660-3 100 mg Tenovin-1
$400
27661-3 10 mg Tenovin-6
$850
27661-1 1 mg Tenovin-6
$190
27661-2 5 mg Tenovin-6
$570
27320 100 mg Trimidox
$605
27319 50 mg Trimidox
$405
27775-2 50 mg TW-37
$525

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